In early 1995, a series of works at Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 University, emerged as a new disciplinary field: Circus research that developed in two directions :
- Interdisciplinary Research Program
+ Circus: history, aesthetics, practices
- International Circus Studies PhD Directors’ Network.
+ Circus International PhD Directors
- Société d’histoire et anthropologie des arts du cirque (SHA2Cirque)